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In June 2014, the State Government announced the Forrestfield Airport Link, a $2 billion train line running from the Midland line near Bayswater Station, servicing the airport and finishing in the Forrestfield/High Wycombe area. The train line is scheduled to be up and running by 2021. Following this announcement, the then Shire of Kalamunda* started to explore the opportunities that a new train station could bring to the surrounding areas. This meant moving away from the industrial land uses, previously proposed, and focusing on urban uses more suitable for a train station precinct.
The new focus resulted in planning for the delivery of high density residential housing, a new activity centre and a commercially focused precinct based around the new train station. In line with the North-East Subregional Framework, the aim is to connect people with their place of work and recreation.
Further information on the statutory decision-making process for Local Structure Plans is outlined in the Planning and Development (Local Planning Schemes) Regulations 2015.
On 28 March 2019, the WAPC sent a letter to the City advising that the draft LSP has been put on ‘Stop Clock’ status because the report on the LSP does not contain sufficient information for the WAPC to make a decision.
On 28 May 2019, the draft LSP was considered by the Statutory Planning Committee (SPC). The SPC resolved to defer consideration of the draft Forrestfield North Residential Precinct Local Structure Plan (draft LSP) until 31 October.
On 28 May 2019, at the City’s Ordinary Council Meeting Council resolved to request the Chief Executive Officer commence an application to the State Administrative Tribunal for a review of the Commission’s decision to refuse the Draft LSP, pursuant to Clause 25, Schedule 2 of the Planning and Development (Local Planning Schemes) Regulations 2015 (WA).
On 11 July 2019, the City lodged an Appeal to the State Administrative Tribunal (SAT) for the ‘deemed refusal’ of the Forrestfield North Residential Precinct Local Structure Plan.
Over the months of August and October 2019 the City’s officers attended SAT Mediation Hearings with officers from the Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage. A process forward and a series of modifications were agreed to by both parties. The City’s Council on the 26 November 2019 considered and endorsed the identified modifications.
On 10 December 2019, the Western Australian Planning Commission (WAPC) Statutory Planning Committee resolved to request the City to undertake the proposed modifications and resubmit the LSP for final determination once the modifications have been completed.
The following summarises the key additional modifications undertaken:
View the full copy of the WAPC’s correspondence and schedule of modifications here.
On 5 June 2020 the City submitted the modified LSP to the WAPC for approval. The final LSP was approved by the WAPC on 27 July 2020. The final LSP can be viewed below under Related Documents.
Further information and updates on the Residential Precinct can be viewed in the monthly Forrestfield North Newsletters in the contact information at the bottom of the page.
TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT PRECINCT LOCAL STRUCTURE PLAN
The Transit Oriented Development Precinct will incorporate planning for a new activity centre and commercially focused, transit oriented area based around the new train station.
On 31 May 2019, the Minister for Transport and Planning, Rita Saffioti, wrote to the City advising of the commencement of an amendment to Metropolitan Redevelopment Authority Regulations 2011 to incorporate the Forrestfield North project area into the existing Midland Redevelopment Area. This is to be renamed the Metronet East Redevelopment Scheme. On 19 March 2020 the boundaries of the Forrestfield Precinct of the Metronet East Redevelopment Scheme were announced, consistently aligning with TOD LSP boundaries. Irrespective of the announcement, the City is progressing the TOD Precinct Local Structure Plan.
The City has been working collaboratively with its consultants Element and the relevant State Agencies, such as Development WA (previously Metropolitan Redevelopment Authority and Landcorp) and the DPLH to receive the technical inputs required and to progress the TOD LSP.
The City will ensure the community is kept up to date on expected timeframes as this information becomes available.
With subdivision and development activity to eventuate post LSP adoption, there is a need for new and improved infrastructure. To support timely, cost effective and equitable delivery of infrastructure, the City will establish a Development Contribution Plan (DCP). A DCP is also known as an ‘infrastructure levy’, established to provide for infrastructure construction/upgrades in a particular area, where the subdivision/development of land creates additional demand for infrastructure such as roads or community facilities.
DCPs effectively operate on a ‘user pays’ basis, with contributions payable at the time of subdivision or development, typically on a ‘per lot’ or ‘per square metre’ basis. Infrastructure typically found in DCPs include public open space, drainage, key structuring roads, community infrastructure, sewer (potentially) and other essential services for communities to function. Development contributions are paid by owners who develop or subdivide within a Development Contribution Area. When approval is granted for a subdivision or development within a DCP area, conditions are generally imposed on the approval requiring the payment of applicable development contributions. The owner/developer/subdivider of the land will then be required to make payment of the development contribution either prior to the finalisation of the subdivision or the commencement of construction, whichever is the earliest. Alternatively, the owner may decide to deliver the land or infrastructure (pre-fund) in lieu of paying money to the DCP, in which case an arrangement would be made with the City.
All development contribution monies collected for a given development contribution area are placed into reserve accounts by the City. This means the funds can only be used for the purpose for which they were collected, they cannot be used for general revenue or municipal expenditure.
The DCP requires certainty with regard to infrastructure items and the broader planning framework. As the LSP is in draft format, the DCP does not have definitive infrastructure items or cost estimates. The DCP for the area will also require input from the TOD Precinct for infrastructure, development yield and cost apportionment purposes. It is not unusual for a DCP to be progressed post-advertising of an LSP. This allows for a degree of certainty to be reached within the planning framework and avoids reworking key elements of the DCP to account for changes that may be made post public advertising. The DCP will be progressed once both the Residential and TOD Precinct LSPs have progressed to a level of certainty acceptable to finalise a draft DCP. The DCP will need to go through an advertising process similar to that of the LSP prior to adoption.
The DCP is envisaged to be developed over the next 18-24 months. A key part of the DCP includes an amendment to the Local Planning Scheme No. 3 (LPS 3) to insert provisions and give statutory effect to, and outline the broad operational parameters of the DCP. The LPS 3 amendment will ultimately give statutory effect to the DCP and enable funds to be levied through the subdivision and development process.
The timeframe for commencing a LPS 3 amendment is dependent on the timeframe for the completion of the Residential and TOD Precinct LSP. As noted above, certainty is required from the substantial progression of these documents. The process to amend the LPS 3 can take up to 12 months to complete and involves the preparation and adoption of the DCP by the City, the recommendation of the WAPC and ultimately the approval of the Minister for Transport, Planning and Lands. The LPS 3 amendment will ultimately give statutory effect to the DCP and allow funds to be levied through the subdivision and development process.
The Department of Transport sought feedback from City of Kalamunda residents, landowners and business owners/operators to vote for two options, 'Forrestfield Station' or 'High Wycombe Station', as the permanent name for the station when it opens in late 2021.
* The Shire became a City in 1 July 2017.
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